Jean Prouvé, ‘Pair of “Tout Bois” chairs’, ca. 1941, Phillips

Each: 62.2 x 42.9 x 48.6 cm
Manufactured by Les Ateliers Jean Prouvé, France

From the Catalogue:
Jean Prouvé designed the “Tout Bois” chair in the context of World War II when there was a shortage of steel. He created an all-wood version of his earlier Standard Chair in 1941 which bear the user’s weight to the front legs support. There were variations with and without visible tenons through the back legs, as well as a later demountable version which was developed in 1948.
Courtesy of Phillips

Jean Prouvé Constructeur, exh. cat., Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1991, p. 128, fig. 31
Peter Sulzer, Jean Prouvé: Œuvre Complète/Complete Works, Volume 2: 1934-1944, Basel, 2000, p. 33, figs. 47-48, pp. 294-25, figs. 915 1-4 for a technical drawing and images
Jean Prouvé, Volume 2, Galerie Patrick Seguin and Sonnabend Gallery, Paris and New York, 2007, pp. 234, 250-53

Mr Bernhard, Strasbourg

About Jean Prouvé

Inspired by avant-garde architects and his idea of design as a moral issue, influential 20th-century designer, architect, engineer, and teacher Jean Prouvé played a major role in the development of systems for mass production in the postwar Modernist period. From his beginnings as a blacksmith's apprentice, he gained an understanding of metal and its limitations, driving him to seek new materials and processes like steel, aluminum, and arc welding, producing prefabricated houses, building components, and furniture for the social sector.

French, 1901-1984