Bold Red Art for Your Home
Back with woven signature J MIRO (Spanish Surrealist)
Knotted wool tapestry. 1964
Born in Barcelona, Spain in 1893, He mixed popular, vanguard, and folk art forms, splicing together previously unattached traditions. He went to art school in Barcelona w here he w as introduced to French Romantic and social Realist art, and then Impressionism and Post Impressionism. He was influenced by artists such as Cezanne, Van Gogh, Matisse, and Picasso. From Matisse he learned how large areas of color and pattern could flatten and control his picture plane. From Picasso he gained a feel for cubism. Son of a jewelry maker, Miro quickly revealed his love of painting, Before he went to Paris for the first time (1919), he had already met Francis Picabia, and had read a great deal of French poetry and avant garde magazines. In 1920, he decided to settle in the
French capital, Paris, where het met Picasso, Maruice Raynal, Reverdy, Trisan Tzara and Max Jacob.Around 1923, after having painted La Masia (1921. 1922), which w as the culmination of his period of detailed realism, he changed the way he painted, turning to surrealism and beginning, as of 1924, a strong friendship with Andre Breton, Louis Aragon and Paul Eluard. In 1926, he worked for the first time in the world of the theater and dance, creating with Max Ernst the scenography of Romeo and Juliette for the Russian Ballet. Other work followed, such as Jeux d ́enfants (1932) and Mori el Merma (1978). In 1930, he began to enjoy international
recognition, w hich had started w ith the success of his 1925 exhibition in Paris, with the first showings of his work in the United States and Brussels. These were followed by his remarkable retrospectives at the Museum of Modern Art in New York (1941 and 1952), Brasilea (1952), Los Angeles (1959). Influenced by the impact of the Spanish and European wars, he did the series of paintings called Constellations, which meant a step forward in his constant broaching of new pictorial problems, as well as the beginning of a new , freer and more personal period. In 1947, he spent eight months in the United States. arches This w as an important milestone in that it meant a definitive turn towards large format work, as evidenced by his mural at the Terrace Plaza Hotel in Cincinnati. He would later paint, among others, the mural at Harvard University (1951). Joan Miro ́s great creativity led him to
work in and investigate fields of such diversity as signed etchings, hand throw n ceramics always at the side of Llorens Artigas sculpture and aubusson tapestry. Jean Miro won a number of prestigious prizes including First Prize from the Guggenheim Foundation in 1954 and the Carnegie Prize for Painting in 1967.One may view examples of Miro's works in the world's most prominent gallery museums, including: the Musee d'Art Moderne, France; the Museum of Modern
Art, New York; The Hermitage in St. Petersburg, U.S.S.R; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut; the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, and many more. Miro w as one of the greatest talents of Surrealism (along with Salvador Dali and Magritte) and a master of twentieth century painting. Miró died in Majorca, Spain, on December 25, 1983.
Joan Miró rejected the constraints of traditional painting, creating works “conceived with fire in the soul but executed with clinical coolness,” as he once said. Widely considered one of the leading Surrealists, though never officially part of the group, Miró pioneered a wandering linear style of Automatism—a method of “random” drawing that attempted to express the inner workings of the human psyche. Miró used color and form in a symbolic rather than literal manner, his intricate compositions combining abstract elements with recurring motifs like birds, eyes, and the moon. “I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music,” he said. While he prized artistic freedom, Miró revered art history, basing a series of works on the Dutch Baroque interiors of Hendrick Sorgh and Jan Steen. In turn, Miró has inspired many artists—significantly Arshile Gorky, whose bold linear abstractions proved a foundational influence on Abstract Expressionism.
Spanish, 1893-1983, Barcelona, Spain, based in Paris and Catalonia, Spain
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