John Baldessari, ‘Horizontal Men (With One Luxuriating)’, Christie's

John Baldessari (b. 1931)

Horizontal Men (With One Luxuriating)

six gelatin silver prints mounted on board in artist's frame

68 x 48 in. (172.7 x 121.9 cm.)

Executed in 1984.

Signature: Horizontal Men (With One Luxuriating)

Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia; Bordeaux, CAPC Musée d'Art Contemporain and Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Ni por Ésas/ Not Even So: John Baldessari, January-July 1989, pp. 37 and 80 (illustrated).

New York, International Center of Photography; Evanston, Mary & Leigh Block Gallery, Northwestern University; Tempe, Arizona State University Art Museum; Norfolk, The Chrysler Museum; Miami Beach, Bass Museum of Art; Museums at Stony Brook; Vancouver Art Gallery; San Francisco, Ansel Adams Center, Friends of Photography and Lincoln, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, Special Collections: the Photographic Order from Pop to Now, July 1992-November 1994, p. 67.

Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Sammlung Sonnabend: von der Pop-art bis heute Amerikanische und europäische Kunst seit 1954, February-May 1996, p. 135 (illustrated).

Trento, Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, John Baldessari, December 2000-March 2001, pp. 84 and 125, no. 8 (illustrated).

R. Dean and P. Pardo, eds., John Baldessari Catalogue Raisonné Volume Two: 1975-1986, New Haven, 2014, p. 273, no. 1984.20 (illustrated).

The Kitchen Benefit Auction, New York

Arthur and Carol Goldberg, New York

Marian Goodman Gallery, New York

Private collection, New York

Anon. sale; Christie's, New York, 8 November 1990, lot 404

The Estate of Ileana Sonnabend, acquired at the above sale

By descent to the present owner

About John Baldessari

It is hard to characterize John Baldessari's varied practice—which includes photomontage, artist’s books, prints, paintings, film, performance, and installation—except through his approach of good-humored irreverence. Baldessari is commonly associated with Conceptual or Minimalist art, though he has called this characterization “a little bit boring.” His two-dimensional works often incorporate found images, composed in layers or presented as distinct pieces with an element of surprise, like a brightly colored geometric shape in the place of a face or a starkly printed sardonic caption. Baldessari has demonstrated a lasting interest in language and semantics, articulating these concerns through the use of puns or the juxtaposition of seemingly unrelated images and words, as in his 1978 work Blasted Allegories. His self-referencing photomontages and use of text have been sources of inspiration for countless artists, including Cindy Sherman, David Salle, and Barbara Kruger. Baldessari identifies his own artistic lineage, saying, "I would prefer to go to the source with Duchamp rather than credit Warhol as an influence."

American, b. 1931, National City, California, based in Los Angeles, California