Various editions from William Copley's S.M.S. portfolios
Various editions from William Copley's S.M.S. portfolios

About John Cage

One of the most influential composers of the 20th century and a leading figure in the post-war avant-garde, John Cage was a music theorist, writer, and artist, as well as a composer. His most famous piece, 4’33” (1952), consisted of musicians doing nothing but listening to the sounds in a room for the duration of 4 minutes and 33 seconds. For Cartridge Music (1960), he amplified small household objects in a live performance. Influenced by Indian philosophy, Zen Buddhism, and Duchamp’s readymades, Cage championed chance procedures in music, incorporating found sounds, noise, and alternative instruments into his compositions. Two important early collaborators were the painter Robert Rauschenberg and the dancer Merce Cunningham, who was also his romantic partner for most of their lives. Cage published his first book, Silence, in 1961 and, in the 1970s, began to transform literary works, including those of Joyce and Thoreau, into music.

American, 1912-1992, Los Angeles, California, based in New York, New York

Group Shows on Artsy

2016
John Zurier and Friends, Crown Point Press, San Francisco
2016
ARTephemera, VINCE fine arts/ephemera, Miami
2015
Installment 3: Pop & Music/Sound, Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris
2015
2014
if i can't dance to it, it's not my revolution, Cantor Fitzgerald Gallery, Haverford College, Haverford

About Christo

Christo is best known for monumental collaborations with his late partner Jeanne-Claude. The duo’s projects, such as The Gates in Central Park and Wrapped Reichstag intervened in public spaces in order to draw attention to them. “We borrow space and create gentle disturbances for a few days,” Christo once said. “We inherit everything that is inherent in the space to become part of the work of art. All our projects are like fabulous expeditions.” Since Jeanne-Claude’s passing, Christo has worked to complete unrealized projects such as Over The River, a miles-long stretch of fabric that would function as a canopy over the Arkansas River. In gallery spaces, Christo presents schematic drawings of the duo’s work, which exhibit the artist’s technical mastery and undergird their massive installations, connecting the big ideas to their inception as free-floating thoughts.

American-Bulgarian, b. 1935, Gabrovno, Bulgaria, based in New York, New York

Exhibition Highlights On Artsy

2016
Post War Art, Gilden's Art Gallery, London
2016
Spring Accrochage 2016, Aurifer AG, Schaan / Liechtenstein
2015
Take an Object, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, United States
2015
Overpainting, Repetto Gallery, London

About Marcel Duchamp

Associated with the Dada, Surrealist, Cubist, and Futurist movements, Marcel Duchamp radically subverted conventional practices of artmaking and display, challenging such weighty notions as the hand of the artist and the sanctity of the art object. Duchamp’s depiction of dynamic Cubist forms in Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 (1912) established him as a leading member of the international avant-garde. In 1913 Duchamp created Bicycle Wheel, which is considered the first of his famous readymades—minimally altered objects that are elevated to the status of art simply through the designation of the artist. Particularly in his readymades, Duchamp placed unprecedented emphasis on the artistic concept as paramount over craftsmanship or aesthetics, a guiding principle that has proved hugely influential to 20th-century artistic practice.

French, 1887-1968, Blainville-Crevon Seine-Maritime, France

Group Shows on Artsy

2016
MashUp: The Birth of Modern Culture, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver
2014
The St. Petersburg Paradox, Swiss Institute, New York

About Yoko Ono

Known for her experimental art, music, filmmaking, and feminism, as well as for her marriage to John Lennon, Yoko Ono was a major figure in the 1960s New York underground art scene, and she continues to produce work and make headlines today. Of several iconic conceptual and performance art pieces that Ono produced, the most famous is Cut Piece (1964), first performed in Tokyo, in which she kneeled on the floor of a stage while members of the audience gradually cut off her clothes. In the ’60s and ’70s Ono was associated with the Fluxus movement—a loose group of avant-garde Dada-inspired artists—and produced printed matter, such as a book titled Grapefruit (1964) containing instructions for musical and artistic pieces. Other works include Smoke Painting (1961), a canvas that viewers were invited to burn. John Cage was a major influence and collaborator for Ono, as was the godfather of Fluxus, George Maciunas.

Japanese, b. 1933, Tokyo, Japan, based in New York, New York

Solo Shows on Artsy

2016
Yoko Ono "Garasu no kado", Tomio Koyama Gallery, Tokyo
2015
Yoko Ono: Golden Ladders, Faurschou Foundation, Beijing
2015
Wish Tree Garden, Copenhagen Contemporary

Group Shows on Artsy

2016
The Indivisible Present, Modern Art Oxford, Oxford
2015
Take Me (I’m Yours), Monnaie de Paris, Paris
2015
Yoko Ono: One Woman Show, 1960-1971, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
2014
14 Rooms, Fondation Beyeler

About Roy Lichtenstein

When American Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein painted Look Mickey in 1961, it set the tone for his career. This primary-color portrait of the cartoon mouse introduced Lichtenstein’s detached and deadpan style at a time when introspective Abstract Expressionism reigned. Mining material from advertisements, comics, and the everyday, Lichtenstein brought what was then a great taboo—commercial art—into the gallery. He stressed the artificiality of his images by painting them as though they’d come from a commercial press, with the flat, single-color Ben-Day dots of the newspaper meticulously rendered by hand using paint and stencils. Later in his career, Lichtenstein extended his source material to art history, including the work of Claude Monet and Pablo Picasso, and experimented with three-dimensional works. Lichtenstein’s use of appropriated imagery has influenced artists such as Richard Prince, Jeff Koons, and Raymond Pettibon.

American, 1923-1997, New York, New York, based in New York and Southampton, New York

Exhibition Highlights On Artsy

2016
Roy Lichtenstein: Re-Figure, Castelli Gallery, New York
2016
The Doris and Donald Fisher Collection, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), San Francisco
2010
Roy Lichtenstein: Still Lifes, Gagosian Gallery, New York

Solo Shows on Artsy

2016
Roy Lichtenstein: Re-Figure, Castelli Gallery, New York
2010
Roy Lichtenstein: Still Lifes, Gagosian Gallery, New York

Group Shows on Artsy

2016
The Gestural, 21er Haus, Vienna
2016
The Doris and Donald Fisher Collection, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), San Francisco
2016
International Pop, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia
2015
RECTO VERSO, Fondazione Prada, Milan
2015
International Pop, Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas
2015
The Inaugural Installation, The Broad, Los Angeles
2015
International Pop, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis
2015
American Icons, RMN Grand Palais, Paris
2014
Pop Departures, Seattle Art Museum, Seattle
View Artist's CV

About Lawrence Weiner

Influential Conceptual artist Lawrence Weiner is known for his language-based sculpture and works pursuing inquiries into language and a radical redefinition of the artist/viewer relationship. In pieces like A Square Removal From a Rug in Use (1969) or Encased By + Reduced to Rust (1986), the value exists in the idea itself, as expressed in words. Considering language to be a sculptural material and believing that a construction in language can function as sculpture as adequately as a fabricated object, Weiner's works operate beyond the specificity and constraints of traditional presentation, inspiring artists like Barbara Kruger and Felix Gonzalez-Torres.

American, b. 1942, Bronx, New York, based in New York, New York

Exhibition Highlights On Artsy

2015
Museum of Stones, Noguchi Museum, New York
2015
LAWRENCE WEINER - WITHIN GRASP, Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich
2014
Lawrence Weiner, Mendes Wood DM, São Paulo
2013
Lawrence Weiner On Top of the Wind, Dvir Gallery, Tel Aviv

Solo Shows on Artsy

2016
Lawrence Weiner MADE DONE WITH A PINCH OF SALT, Galerie Hubert Winter, Vienna
2015
LAWRENCE WEINER - WITHIN GRASP, Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich
2014
Lawrence Weiner - Along the Shore, i8 Gallery, Reykjavik
2014
Lawrence Weiner, Mendes Wood DM, São Paulo
2013
Lawrence Weiner On Top of the Wind, Dvir Gallery, Tel Aviv

Group Shows on Artsy

2016
Gaudi's room, Group show, Dvir Gallery, Tel Aviv
2016
Group Exhibition @ MAI 36 SHOWROOM, Mai 36 Galerie, Zürich
2015
Museum of Stones, Noguchi Museum, New York
2015
Shibboleth, Dvir Gallery, Tel Aviv
2015
MAI 36 POP-UP - WUNDERKAMMER, Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich
2014
Everyone Has A Name, Dvir Gallery, Tel Aviv
2014
The Space Where I Am: Group Exhibition, Blain | Southern, London
2014
Fantome, Dvir Gallery, Tel Aviv
View Artist's CV