José Clemente Orozco, ‘Estado mayor de bufones (Buffoons' Chief of Staff)’, ca. 1946, Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach

Image rights: © José Clemente Orozco / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / SOMAAP / Image provided by Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach

Gift of the Ziperovich Family in honor of Dr. Robert Gumbiner

About José Clemente Orozco

Alongside Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco was one of the major muralists of the Mexican Revolution. In spite of losing his left hand and sight in one eye, Orozco persisted in his artistic career, though not without a biting sense of humor and critical eye. Like Rivera and Siqueiros, Orozco studied at the San Carlos Academy for Fine Arts in Mexico City, and painted everyday subjects in a realist style. He studied with Gerardo Murillo, a radical who encouraged his students to reject European influences and embrace Mexican traditions. Bolstered by this, Orozco became increasingly involved with social and political activism through his art. He made easel paintings and caricatures for a radical paper, but his public works would become his greatest legacy—grand murals throughout North America, depicting allegorical scenes of history, uprising, industry, and suffering.

Mexican, 1883-1949, Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco, Mexico, based in Mexico City, CDMX, Mexico

Group Shows

Newcomb Art Gallery, Tulane University, 
New Orleans, LA, USA,
From Society to Socialism: The art of Caroline Durieux
Philadelphia Museum of Art, 
Philadelphia, PA, USA,
Mexico and Modern Printmaking, Revolution in the Graphic Arts 1920-1950