How Joseph Cornell, Barbara Kruger, and 8 Other Artists Subsidized Their Art
Signature: Signed and titled with printed paper verso: "Joseph Cornell, THE HUMAN THERMOSTAT"
New York, L & M Arts, "Joseph Cornell: Collages," July-September 2002.
San Francisco, Fraenkel Gallery, "Joseph Cornell Collages," March 2003.
Portland, Elizabeth Leach Gallery, "A Century of Collage," November-December 2006.
Roslyn Harbor, Nassau County Museum of Art, "Surrealism: Dreams on Canvas," May-August 2007, p. 55 (illus.).
The Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation
L & M Arts, New York
Widely considered one of the seminal American artists of the 20th century, Joseph Cornell pioneered assemblage through his boxed constructions and collages. He is best known for his “shadow boxes” made from found materials such as marbles, toys, seashells, and other bric-a-brac obtained in souvenir shops, penny arcades, and trash heaps. Interests in 19th century Romantic literature, ballet, the Surrealism of Max Ernst, childhood experiences, and the cinema coalesced in Cornell’s allegorically charged work, which would influence generations of contemporary artists. Toward the Blue Peninsula (1953) is among his most recognizable works, which he made drawing inspiration from a view of the night sky in Emily Dickinson’s bedroom and a passage of her poetry. At once figurative and abstract, the box consists of a partially caged, empty space and a window onto a twilight sky.
American, 1903-1972, Nyack, New York