Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, ‘Head of a Woman’, 1915, Galerie St. Etienne

About Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Like many of his German Expressionist peers, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff painted intensely colored, gestural landscapes in oil and watercolor, drawing influence from the Neo-Impressionists and the Fauves. This early style, exemplified by Manor House in Dangast (1910), gave way to a more reductive, strongly constructed style with more clear outlines and subtler coloration. A member of Die Brücke, he popularized lithography amongst the group—his high-contrast graphic works featured an angular style that would carry into his later painting style. He was known for using the grain of the wood to emphasize surface in his woodcuts; among his woodcut masterpieces are “Holzeschnitte” (1918), a series based on the life of Christ, which he produced after serving in World War I. Schmidt-Rottluff also experimented with sculpture carved in wood.

German, 1884-1976, Rottluff, Germany, based in Berlin, Germany