Limbourg Brothers, ‘The Belles Heures of Jean de France, duc de Berry’, ca. 1405–1409, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

1405–1408/1409; made in Paris, France; overall (single leaf): 9 3/8 x 6 11/16 in. (23.8 x 17 cm); overall (double leaf): 9 3/8 x 13 7/16 in. (23.8 x 34.1 cm)

Image rights: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Cloisters Collection, 1954), licensed under CC0 1.0 Universal

About Limbourg Brothers

Renowned for their International Gothic-style manuscript illustrations, the three Limbourg brothers did much to influence early Dutch art. Descendants of artist-artisans, the brothers served under the Duke of Burgundy and his brother Jean, Duke of Berry, illuminating prayer books and bibles. They are best known for their Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, which is considered their masterpiece and one of the landmarks of the art of book illumination. The brothers’ detailed, sensitive renderings of landscapes combined naturalism with decorative effects. They are also known for their sophisticated construction of pictorial space, expressive emotional narratives, and elegant use of light.

Flemish, 1385-1416, Nijmegen, Netherlands