This original lithograph is hand signed and dated in pencil by the artist "HM Pechstein" at the lower right margin.
It is also signed and dated with the artist’s initials “HMP 1918” in the lower left image.
This impression is one of 100 impressions on wove paper, there were also 25 on Japan paper.
It was published by Paul Westheim and Gustav Kiepenheuer, Weimar, 1918 for inclusion in the portfolio “Die Schaffenden” [The Creators].
Note: The founding of the Künstlergruppe Brücke and the birth of Expressionism also marked the beginning of a ‘print revival’ in Germany. After the predominantly reproductive or illustrative print production of the 19th century, prints and in particular woodcuts began to be seen as a powerful and important medium of artistic expression. In order to disseminate and promote this revived print production, artists and artists’ collectives began to issue portfolios, and gallerists and critics, such as Herwarth Walden (1879-1941) and Paul Westheim (1886-1963), published magazines and journals which included original prints.
While some were very short-lived, Paul Westheim’s publication Die Schaffenden, ran from 1918-32 with four issues per year. Each issue consisted of a portfolio containing ten original prints, mostly but not exclusively by German artists, including some of the leading figures of the German avant-garde, such as the Brücke-artists Heckel, Pechstein and Schmidt-Rottluff, and satirists such as George Grosz, as well as lesser-known artists of the time. No other periodical came to showcase and represent the artistic life of the inter-war years to a similar degree.
Literature: Krüger, G. (1988). Das druckgraphische Werk Max Pechsteins. Hamburg: Max Pechstein Archiv.
Reference: Krüger L265
Condition: Excellent condition. Soft crease in the upper left sheet corner.
About Max Pechstein
A key Expressionist painter of the early 20th century, Max Pechstein produced decorative and colorful paintings that borrowed from Vincent Van Gogh, Henri Matisse, and the Fauves. As a member of Die Brücke, a group of German Expressionists who took a primitivist approach to painting, Pechstein worked closely with Erich Heckel and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. He travelled to Palau in the South Pacific in 1914, after which his paintings increasingly displayed elements of Primitivism, such as thick black lines and angular figures. Pechstein was also a prolific printmaker, making over 900 prints over the course of his career. Instrumental in founding the Novembergruppe in 1918, a left-wing artists’ group demanding artist involvement in creating social policies, Pechstein was later denounced by the Nazis and hundreds of his paintings were removed from German museums.
German, 1881-1955, Zwickau, Germany, based in Berlin, Germany