NASA, ‘Lunar Orbiter’, 1966, Jason Jacques Gallery

This is an enlargement of a photograph of the Copernicus crater. It shows mountains rising 300 meters from the crater floor. Cliffs 300 meters high on the crater rim reveal some downslope movement of material. The horizontal distance across the photograph is about 27 kilometers; distance from horizon to the base of the photograph is about 240 kilometers. On the horizon are the Carpathian mountains with the 920-meter high Gay-Lussac Promontory.

FOR RELEASE: November 30, 1966
PHOTO NO: 66-H-1470
LANGLEY RESEARCH CENTER, HAMPTON, Va., -- This is a portion of the first closeup photograph of the crater Copernicus, one of the most prominent features on the face of the Moon, taken at 7:05 HST November 23 by Lunar Orbiter II's telephoto lens. Looking due north from the crater's southern rim, detail of the central part of Copernicus can be seen. Mountains rising from the flat floor of the crater are 1,000 feet high with slopes up to 30 degrees. A ledge of bedrock is visible in the central part of the mountain chain on the floor of the crater. The 3,000 foot mountain on the horizon is the Gay-Lussac Promontory in the Carpathian Mountains. Cliffs on the rim of the crater are 1,000 feet high and undergoing continual downslops movement of material. From the horizon to the base of the photograph is about 150 miles. The horizontal distance across the part of the crater shown in this photograph is about 17 miles. Lunar Orbiter was 28.4 miles above the surface of the Moon and about 150 miles due south of the center of Copernicus when the picture was taken. This photograph was transmitted from the spacecraft to the Deep Space Network station at Goldstone, Calif., on November 28. Lunar Orbiter is an National Aeronautics and Space Administration Project managed by the Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va. The Boeing Company, Seattle, Wash., is the prime contractor.

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