Otto Piene, ‘Ohne Titel’, 1962, Ludorff

Signature: Signed and dated »62« on the verso

Neue Galerie, »Ursprung und Moderne«, Linz 1990; Kunstmuseum St. Gallen, »Sammlung T«, St. Gallen 1988; Galerie Merian, Krefeld 1972; Galerie Swetec, Dusseldorf 1970; Galerie Schmela, »Piene: Fauna und Flora. Ölbilder und Gouachen«, Dusseldorf 1962

Paul Bachmann (ed.), »Sammlung T. Eine Sammlung internationaler Nachkriegskunst«, exh.cat. Kunstverein St. Gallen, Teufen 1997, no. 50; Peter Baum (ed.), »Ursprung und Moderne «, exh.cat. Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz, Linz 1990, no. 7.396; Kunstverein St. Gallen (ed.): »Sammlung T.«, exh.cat. Kunstmuseum St. Gallen, St. Gallen 1988, no. 50 ill.

Galerie Swetek, Dusseldorf; Private Collection Merian, Krefeld (1970); Collection T, Teufen, Switzerland (1976); Private Collection Switzerland

About Otto Piene

A founder of the 1960s Dusseldorf-based Group Zero, Otto Piene is best known for his paintings made with smoke and fire. Called Rauchbilder (smoke pictures), Piene applied solvent to pigmented paper and lit it on fire, developing images in the residual soot. Piene also created outdoor “figures” made from smoke that floated overhead—what he coined as “Sky Art”—including Olympic Rainbow, a project created for the ill-fated 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. For nearly 20 years, Piene served as the director of the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and in 2008, with Heinz Mack and Mattijs Visser, he co-founded the International ZERO Foundation to archive documents, projects, and images produced by the famous Dusseldorf collective.

German, 1928-2014, Laasphe, Germany, based in Düsseldorf, Germany