Medium
Image rights
Collection Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

A founder of the 1960s Dusseldorf-based Group Zero, Otto Piene is best known for his paintings made with smoke and fire. Called Rauchbilder (smoke pictures), Piene applied solvent to pigmented paper and lit it on fire, developing images in the residual soot. Piene also created outdoor “figures” made from smoke that floated overhead—what he coined as “Sky Art”—including Olympic Rainbow, a project created for the ill-fated 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. For nearly 20 years, Piene served as the director of the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and in 2008, with Heinz Mack and Mattijs Visser, he co-founded the International ZERO Foundation to archive documents, projects, and images produced by the famous Dusseldorf collective.

Blue-chip
Represented by internationally recognized galleries.
Collected by a major museum
Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
Selected exhibitions
2018
Otto Piene - Selected Works 1957 - 2014Galerie Krinzinger
2017
Light BalletSprüth Magers
2015
ZERO: LET US EXPLORE THE STARSStedelijk Museum Amsterdam
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Venus von Willendorf, 1963

59 1/10 × 78 7/10 in
150 × 200 cm
Location
Amsterdam
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Medium
Image rights
Collection Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam

A founder of the 1960s Dusseldorf-based Group Zero, Otto Piene is best known for his paintings made with smoke and fire. Called Rauchbilder (smoke pictures), Piene applied solvent to pigmented paper and lit it on fire, developing images in the residual soot. Piene also created outdoor “figures” made from smoke that floated overhead—what he coined as “Sky Art”—including Olympic Rainbow, a project created for the ill-fated 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. For nearly 20 years, Piene served as the director of the Center for Advanced Visual Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and in 2008, with Heinz Mack and Mattijs Visser, he co-founded the International ZERO Foundation to archive documents, projects, and images produced by the famous Dusseldorf collective.

Blue-chip
Represented by internationally recognized galleries.
Collected by a major museum
Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
Selected exhibitions (3)
Other works by Otto Piene
Related works