What the U.S.–China Trade War Means for the Art Market
Hors-texte, with title, text in Spanish, table of contents and justification, signed and numbered in pencil on the justification, copy number 13, one of thirty deluxe copies (the standard edition without the additional suite was 220), printed by Atelier Lacourière, Paris, published by Ediciones de la Cometa, Barcelona, the full sheets, loose (as issued), the suite on Guarro wove paper with a Bull's Head watermark designed by Picasso, within the original grey paper folder with the drypoint title printed on the front; the additional suite on japon ancien, with some pale scattered foxing in the margins, in a separate grey paper folder; all within the original parchment-covered boards and slipcase with the title in gilt on the spine, all generally in good condition (portfolio.
Plate 200 x 295 mm. (and similar)
Sheet 350 x 500 mm. (and similar)
380 x 520 x 70 mm. (overall)
From the Catalogue:
‘Bullfighting is the only art in which the artist is in danger of death and in which the degree of brilliance in the performance is left to the fighter's honour’ (Ernest Hemingway, Death in the Afternoon)
La Tauromaquia was first commissioned by Gustau Gili Roig in Paris in 1928. Under the imprint Ediciones de la Cometa, Gili Roig planned to extended his firm's expertise into the bibliophile market for livre de artiste, commissioning leading artists to produce original prints in response to literary texts. The project began well, with Picasso producing six plates, before it floundered, interrupted by the Spanish Civil War. Almost three decades later in 1956, Gustau Gili Esteve, the son and heir to the business, contacted Picasso and visited him in Cannes with a view to resurrecting his father’s idea. They immediately struck up a rapport and the artist agreed to revisit the project.
Written in 1796 by the legendary bullfigher José Delgado, colloquially known as Pepe Illo, La Tauromaquia is the first documented handbook for bullfighting. It was a source for the series of etchings of the same title, by Francisco y Lucientes Goya first published in 1816, in which he famously depicted Pepe Illo’s fatal goring by the bull Barbudo as the final plate in the suite. Picasso, a life-long lover of the corrida de toros, knew and admired Goya’s La Tauromaquia. However, where the former’s imagery highlights the brutality and violence of the mortal struggle between man and beast, Picasso’s rendering evokes its poetry. Following the bull from the tranquillity of the field into the bull ring, Picasso charts the course of the numerous encounters between the torero and the bull. Executed directly onto copper, he produced all 26 plates in one sitting, using a sugar-lift solution of ink mixed with syrup applied with brush. The scenes are rendered with an extraordinary economy recalling the fluid precision of Chinese brush paintings. Each pass of the bull and torero is reduced to its essence, focusing the eye on the pivotal flourish of a cape or lunge of the torero’s sword. Leaving large areas of the sheet empty, Picasso uses the contrast between the black figures and the white ground to suggest the brilliance of the noonday sun. The cover, the only plate executed in drypoint, features a kite flying over a bull in a landscape, a visual pun referencing the publisher’s imprint Ediciones de la Cometa, cometa meaning kite in Spanish.
The spontaneity of these intaglio prints was facilitated by the use of the sugar-lift method which Picasso had been introduced to by the famous printer Roger Lacourière in his workshop in 1934. Allowing the artist to paint directly onto the copperplate, it particularly suited Picasso’s way of working, leading him to comment to Francoise Gilot ‘with sugar-lift everything is more direct and at the same time more delicate’. Although Picasso used it extensively in the ensuing decades in combination with etching and aquatint, it was in the last decade of his life that he began to use it to its full potential. In La Tauromaquia he achieved a degree of freedom in intaglio printmaking that had never been seen before.
—Courtesy of Christie's
Christie's Special Notice
Artist's Resale Right ("Droit de Suite"). Artist's Resale Right Regulations 2006 apply to this lot, the buyer agrees to pay us an amount equal to the resale royalty provided for in those Regulations, and we undertake to the buyer to pay such amount to the artist's collection agent.
Bloch 950-976; Baer 970-996; Cramer Books 100
Editorial Gustavo Gili, Barcelona.
A prolific and tireless innovator of art forms, Pablo Picasso impacted the course of 20th-century art with unparalleled magnitude. Inspired by African and Iberian art and developments in the world around him, Picasso contributed significantly to a number of artistic movements, notably Cubism, Surrealism, Neoclassicism, and Expressionism. Along with Georges Braque, Picasso is best known for pioneering Cubism in an attempt to reconcile three-dimensional space with the two-dimensional picture plane, once asking, “Are we to paint what’s on the face, what’s inside the face, or what’s behind it?” Responding to the Spanish Civil War, he painted his most famous work, Guernica (1937), whose violent images of anguished figures rendered in grisaille made it a definitive work of anti-war art. “Painting is not made to decorate apartments,” he said. “It’s an offensive and defensive weapon against the enemy.” Picasso’s sizable oeuvre includes over 20,000 paintings, prints, drawings, sculptures, ceramics, theater sets, and costume designs.
Spanish, 1881-1973, Malaga, Spain, based in Paris and Mougins, France
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