Paul Cézanne, ‘Still Life with Jar, Cup, and Apples’, ca. 1877, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Image rights: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (H. O. Havemeyer Collection, Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929), licensed under CC0 1.0 Universal

About Paul Cézanne

Paul Cézanne is one of the great Post-Impressionist painters of the 19th century, renowned for his radiant landscapes, intense portraits, and complex still lifes. His influence extends to every aspect of Post-Impressionist inquiry, from the search for empirical truth in painting, which he saw as including imbalance and lacunae, to the capturing of the instantaneity of vision, and the calling of attention to the dimensionality of the canvas space. His paintings of apples, card players, and the landscape of Mount Sainte Victoire, which he saw from his window in Provence, France, are some of the best-known images in Western art. His mature works are striking for their vivid palette, sensitive brushstrokes, and swirling, unstable compositions full of impetuosity and vigor that paved the way for the advent of Cubism and abstract painting.

French, 1839-1906, Aix-en-Provence, France, based in Paris and Aix-en-Provence, France