Paula Modersohn-Becker, ‘Tête d’une Jeune Fille Blonde Coiffée d’un Chapeau de Paille’, 1904, Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris

Collection: Kunst- und Museumsverein, Wuppertal

Image rights: © Medienzentrum, Antje Zeis-Loi / Kunst-und Museumsverein, Wuppertal

"Paula Modersohn-Becker: An Intensely Artistic Eye"

Venue: Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris (2016)

About Paula Modersohn-Becker

A pioneer of modern art in Europe and the first woman to paint a full-length nude self-portrait, Paula Modersohn-Becker favored simple forms and complex textures created by scratching into sculpted paint on canvas. Modersohn-Becker trained under Fritz Mackensen in the Worpswede artists’ colony, alongside artists such as Heinrich Vogeler and novelist Rainer Maria Rilke. Her unique visual language—a synthesis of post-impressionist styles balancing French formalism with a German aesthetic—is marked by humanistic representations of local villagers. Drawn to the vibrant Parisian art culture, Modersohn-Becker was influenced by artists like Paul Cézanne and Paul Gauguin, as well as by classical painting. Modersohn-Becker’s nude self-portrait, painted just prior to her death, had no precedent—male or female—and celebrated the female body in a straightforward, unembellished manner.

German, 1876-1907, Dresden, Germany, based in Bremen and Paris