Robert Motherwell, ‘Frontier, No.12’, 1958, Bernard Jacobson Gallery

Motherwell painted this work in Saint-Jean-de-Luz during the summer of 1958.

Signature: Signed, titled and dated 'Frontier, No. 12 Robert Motherwell 1958 St. Jean de Luz, France' verso

Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, Robert Motherwell, 9 March – 4 April 1959
The Baltimore Museum of Art, Robert Motherwell: Meanings of Abstraction, 21 May – 30 July 2006

Flam, J., Rogers, K., Clifford, T., 2012. Robert Motherwell Paintings and Collages: A Catalogue Raisonné 1941 – 1991. New Haven: Yale University Press. Volume 3, Page 432, Cat. rais. no. W59

Sidney Janis Gallery, New York
Private Collection
Locks Gallery, Philadelphia
Private Collection
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, London, 2012

About Robert Motherwell

Alongside Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Willem de Kooning, Robert Motherwell is considered one of the great American Abstract Expressionist painters. His esteemed intellect not only undergirded his gorgeous, expressive paintings—frequently featuring bold black shapes against fields of color—but also made Motherwell one of the leading writers, theorists, and advocates of the New York School. He forged close friendships with the European Surrealists and other intellectuals over his interests in poetry and philosophy, and as such served as a vital link between the pre-war avant-garde in Europe and its post-war counterpart in New York, establishing automatism and psychoanalysis as central concerns of American abstraction. "It's not that the creative act and the critical act are simultaneous," Motherwell said. "It's more like you blurt something out and then analyze it.

American, 1915-1991, Aberdeen, Washington, based in New York and Greenwich, Connecticut