Robert Motherwell, ‘The Times in Havana’, 1979, Bernard Jacobson Gallery

This work was begun in 1979 and completed before being exhibited at the Harkus Krakow Gallery in May 1980. It was shown under the title Time Present and Time Past, which comes from the first line of T. S. Eliot's poem "Burnt Norton" (1935), the first of his Four Quarters. The printed collage element, which has a newspaper motif, was torn from the same kind of fish and chips bag as the one used in Beside the Sea with Fish and Chips (C604) and other works. The painted out label within the black oval is from Mark, Fore & Strike, a sporting goods company.

Signature: Initialled and dated upper left Artist's Studio Number: C79-2371

Harcus Krakow Gallery, Boston, MA, Robert Motherwell, 18 May - 21 June 1980.
Herter Art Gallery, University of Massachusetts, Amhurst, MA, Contemporary American Collages, 1960-1986, 9 November - 11 December 1987.
Museo Rufino Tamayo, Mexico City, Mexico, Robert Motherwell: The Open Door, 9 - 27 October 1991.

William Benton Museum of Art 1988, cover illus.
Windrow, K., 1992. Robert Motherwell: The Open Door (supplemental exhibition brochure). Fort Worth: Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth. Page 9, illustrated in colour.
Caws, M.A., 1996. Robert Motherwell: What Art Holds (includes artist's statement). New York: Columbia University Press. Page 149, illustrated in colour page 152.
Flam, J., Rogers, K., Clifford, T., 2012. Robert Motherwell Paintings and Collages: A Catalogue Raisonné 1941 – 1991. New Haven: Yale University Press. Volume 3, Page 301, cat. rais. no. C644
Gooding, M., 2013. Robert Motherwell: Collage. London: Bernard Jacobson Gallery, ill. p. 55.

Dedalus Foundation, NY
Manny Silverman Gallery, LA

About Robert Motherwell

Alongside Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Willem de Kooning, Robert Motherwell is considered one of the great American Abstract Expressionist painters. His esteemed intellect not only undergirded his gorgeous, expressive paintings—frequently featuring bold black shapes against fields of color—but also made Motherwell one of the leading writers, theorists, and advocates of the New York School. He forged close friendships with the European Surrealists and other intellectuals over his interests in poetry and philosophy, and as such served as a vital link between the pre-war avant-garde in Europe and its post-war counterpart in New York, establishing automatism and psychoanalysis as central concerns of American abstraction. "It's not that the creative act and the critical act are simultaneous," Motherwell said. "It's more like you blurt something out and then analyze it.

American, 1915-1991, Aberdeen, Washington, based in New York and Greenwich, Connecticut