Robert Motherwell, ‘Torino’, 1975, Bernard Jacobson Gallery

The title of this collage refers to the brown paper shipping wrapper with a mailing label from Museo Civico di Torino (postmarked September 2, 1974). Photographs taken over three days in November 1975 (Sloman photo nos. 333, 349, 352) documented the creation of this collage. Motherwell added the green paper at the bottom before the collage was photographed in it's final state in July 1976 (Sloman photo no. 439). The Sheet music is from Stravinsky's Le sacre du printemps.
Motherwell also titled a collage done in 1967 Torino Collage (C198).

Signature: Signed 'Motherwell 75' lower right (recto)

Gruenebaum Gallery, New York, Three Generations of American Painting: Motherwell, Diebenkorn, Edlich, 23 September - 30 October 1976, cat. no. 6, colour illus. p.38.
Bruce Museum, Greenwich, Conn., The Art of Collecting: A Private View, 10 May - 21 June 1987, cat no.3 colour illus. n.p.

Brown, G. "Arts Reviews" in Arts Magazine 51, no. 3 (November 1976), p. 18.
Russell, J. "Art: A Fine Omen for New Season" in New York Times, 24 September 1976, Illus. sec. C, p.16.
Arnason, H.H., 1977. Robert Motherwell. Notes to the plates by Robert Motherwell. Preface by Bryan Robertson. 1st ed. New York: Harry N. Abrams. Colour illus. n.p. (pl. 297, as Torino Collage).
Flam, J., Rogers, K., Clifford, T., 2012. Robert Motherwell Paintings and Collages: A Catalogue Raisonné 1941 – 1991. New Haven: Yale University Press. Volume 3, p. 259, cat. rais. no. C542.

Private Collection, 1976
Deborah Ronnen, 1989

About Robert Motherwell

Alongside Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Willem de Kooning, Robert Motherwell is considered one of the great American Abstract Expressionist painters. His esteemed intellect not only undergirded his gorgeous, expressive paintings—frequently featuring bold black shapes against fields of color—but also made Motherwell one of the leading writers, theorists, and advocates of the New York School. He forged close friendships with the European Surrealists and other intellectuals over his interests in poetry and philosophy, and as such served as a vital link between the pre-war avant-garde in Europe and its post-war counterpart in New York, establishing automatism and psychoanalysis as central concerns of American abstraction. "It's not that the creative act and the critical act are simultaneous," Motherwell said. "It's more like you blurt something out and then analyze it.

American, 1915-1991, Aberdeen, Washington, based in New York and Greenwich, Connecticut