South Asian Collection, ‘Crowned Shan Buddha Entering Parinirvana (Burmese; Jambhupati/Arakan Style)’, Seraphin Gallery

Buddha entering Parinirvana is a lyrical expression of the ‘sleeping Buddha’. The semi-reclined Buddha displays the special iconographic features which are only found in Burma. The figure on a lotus base, found in a gesture of mediation (dhyana-mudra), is clad in royal attire Characteristic of the ‘jambupati’ type is the tall pointed crown flanked leaf motifs ,with a staff like usnisa. The body is adorn with bracelets and breast and back plates.
Fraser-Lu describes the ‘jambupati type ‘ as follows:

   “ The idea of representing Lord Buddha in something more splendid than his characteristic monk’s garb is thought to have come from  a story where the Master dressed in royal attire to humble a proud overbearing king, Jambhupati, who was threatening one of his  followers. The arrogant king was suitably overawed and subsequently converted. Buddha figures in kingly robes have come to be called Jambhupati images.”  Fraser-Lu; . Page 65

   “ Crowned images found in the Irrawaddy valley during the Ava period are characterized by tall leaf-like crowns above the mukuta 
   (chignon) hair style. Open-work flanges spring from the band of the crown, twirl upwards toward the spire and twine along the sides    of the shoulder and upper arm. The earrings are either in the form of a round plug with petals trailing over the shoulders, or of catkins   curving outwards over the chest. Necklaces fall in cascades over the breast ending at the waist. Bracelets and armlets are often worn, as well as rings” Fraser-Lu; 

Page 66

REFERENCES:

   Fraser-Lu, Syliva; Buddha images From Burma, Part 2: Bronze and Related Metals; Arts of Asia; March - April 1981,page 67. 
   Karow,Otto;  Burmese Buddhist Sculpture, White Lotus Pub., Bangkok, 1991.

PROVENANCE
Collection of James E. Bogle; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Acquired 7 February 2000 from Silk Roads Gallery, 834 North La Brea Avenue, Los Angeles, California.