Rousseau's pictures are always grave in character, with an air of exquisite melancholy. They are well finished when they profess to be completed pictures, but Rousseau spent so much time developing his subjects that his absolutely completed works are comparatively few. He left many canvases with parts of the picture realized in detail and with the remainder somewhat vague; and also a good number of sketches and water-color drawings. There are a number of pictures by him in the Louvre, and the Wallace collection contains one of his most important Barbizon pictures. There is also an example in the Ionides collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.
This painting will be included in the forthcoming supplement to the catalogue raisonne by Michael Schulman.
Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris
Private West Coast Collection
About Théodore Rousseau
Painter Théodore Rousseau is best recognized as a founder and instrumental figure of the French Barbizon School of landscape painters. Though he was trained in the Neoclassical tradition, Rousseau reacted against its idealization of nature and privately emulated the 17th-century Dutch landscape painters. In the 1820s, Rousseau began to paint out of doors, directly from observation—an idea that was then unconventional and censured by the Parisian Academy’s Salon. Rousseau retreated to the village of Barbizon to pursue his practice, and was joined by other painters including Jean-François Millet, Narcisse-Virgile Diaz de La Peña, and Charles-François Daubigny. His primary subject would be the forest of Fontainebleau surrounding the town, which he would sketch in the summer and then paint in the winter. Because he was so meticulous, his detailed and meditative compositions could take years to complete.
French, April 15, 1812 - December 22, 1867, Paris, France