I flatter myself from time to time by thinking that when ravens respond to my calling to them they are conversing with me. I do believe that a raven I had living with me for a few years, Macaw, did develop a greeting call that we would exchange every morning when I opened his enclosure for his flight about the neighborhood. Still, listening to these birds chortle, croak and gargle their calling back and forth I'm convinced information is exchanged. The First Nation People of the Pacific Northwest listened to the raven's calls and interpreted their meanings. With the raven's long history of living in company with people I wonder what opinions they might be sharing in this age and time. - Tony Angell
For more work by Tony Angell, please visit www.fosterwhite.com.