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Called the “Dean of American Craft,” Wharton Esherick bridged the gap between the Arts and Crafts movement and the resurgence of interest in woodwork with the Studio Craft movement that started in the 1960s. He began his career as a painter, but by the 1920s turned to wood, first making frames and woodcuts, and later, furniture. By realizing that furniture does not need decoration and creating minimal organic shapes in hand-carved wood instead, he paved the way for much of modernism. His old studio/residence in Paoli, Pennsylvania is a National Historic Landmark for Architecture and a museum dedicated to his work.
American, 1887-1970, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania