Wifredo Lam, ‘Contemporary photomontage of exhibition view Bloodflames 1947. Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning in front of Wifredo Lam’s Le présent éternel, 1944 (The eternal presence) recreated with Wifredo Lam's, La Réunion, 1 (Groupe),1942.’, Galerie Gmurzynska

About Wifredo Lam

A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. A native Cuban, Lam hailed from Chinese, European, Indian, and mixed-African descent, and he was deeply influenced by African spiritual practices such as Santeria. He studied in Spain under the same teacher as Salvador Dalí and became a friend of Picasso after moving to Paris in 1938. After returning to Havana in 1941, Lam began producing paintings that were dominated by hybridized human-animal-vegetal figures. There he produced his most famous work, The Jungle (1943), which depicted four grotesque figures with mask-like faces emerging from dense vegetation, and has drawn comparisons with Picasso’s masterpiece Guernica (1937).

Cuban, 1902-1982, Sagua La Grande, Cuba, based in Cuba