Signature: signed lower right
German expat to Paris A. O. Wolfgang Schulze, known by his adopted pseudonym Wols, was an influential painter, photographer, and illustrator, whose gestural, informally rendered and immensely expressive paintings helped pioneer Art Informel and Tachisme, stylistic movements that dominated postwar European art and served as counterparts to American Abstract Expressionism. Wols was influenced by the avant-garde artists and writers he met in Paris, among them Max Ernst, Joan Miró, Franz Kafka, and Jean-Paul Sartre. Drawing early and particular influence from Surrealism, he favored fragmented, hallucinatory, dreamlike images over naturalistic representation in his photographs and paintings, and filled his illustrations with fantastical, hybrid creatures, sometimes seemingly in the midst of metamorphosis. In Painting (1946-47), for example, a cell-like structure dominates the canvas, its interior energetically bursting with circular whorls, colorful splatters and stains, and thin, scratchy lines.
German, 1913-1951, Berlin, Germany, based in Paris, France