1900 - 1917 Art
The turn of the twentieth century brought a spirit of experimentation to Europe, as artists looked for new ways to break with artistic conventions. Through movements like Fauvism, Expressionism, Futurism, and Cubism, artists such as Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Sonia Delaunay, and Wassily Kandinsky pushed their art to the point of abstraction, searching for a style to match a world full of new technologies and ideas. In a similar way, Adolf Loos, Peter Behrens, and Le Corbusier began to strip design and architecture down to its bare essentials. It is this period that is often viewed as the height of modernism in the West. World War I brought an end to this age, ushering in a series of anti-art movements that included Dada and Surrealism.