Ashcan School


First applied in the 1930s to early 20th-century American urban realist painters such as the Eight, whose members included George Luks, Robert Henri, John Sloan, and William Glackens. Ashcan artists presented ordinary aspects of city life with a particular vitality in opposition to the late 19th-century aesthetic, which stressed refined painting techniques, appropriate subject matter, and art for art’s sake. Generally considered revolutionary in the United States, the movement had clear precedents in the French 19th-century avant-garde.