Barbizon School


A group of French landscape artists active in the 1830s to the 1870s who eschewed the classical conventions of Claude Lorraine and Nicolas Poussin and instead emulated 17th-century Dutch landscape painters and John Constable. Although often considered a transitional movement between classical 18th-century landscape painting and Impressionism, this group is important in its own right as the first to focus strictly on nature. Barbizon paintings are also antiheroic, unpretentious, and painted in a simplified manner.