Works that arouse or are related to sexual desire, often incorporating nude figures. Although the tradition of erotic art harks back to the ancient Venus of Willendorf, eroticism became a major theme of Western art during the Renaissance, with the rise of the female nude (as in Titian's Venus of Urbino, 1538) as an accepted category of painting. However, eroticism was often covert rather than explicit, until the 20th century, when feminism in particular prompted artists and critics to challenge the taboos of depicting sexuality. Since then, erotic content in art has often been subversive—poking fun at or exposing society's prejudices and assumptions about sexuality.

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