The Helsinki School established in the early 1990’s out of Aalto University and is the longest lasting movement of its kind using the photographic process as a tool for conceptual thinking. It represents 60 plus artists, over 6 generations, featured in about 40 exhibitions, with more than 180 international publications, including 6 volumes on its 25 year history by Hatje Cantz. The Helsinki School approach was conceived by Timothy Persons based upon his graduate school experience with John Baldessari’s Open Studio concept, which was prevalent in Southern California during the 1970’s. One of the two most prominent characteristics found within the Helsinki School are how its artists approach nature by how they conceive and collect the passage of time. The second, is abstraction as a visual voice, using the whole photographic process, as a means for gathering and interpreting information conceptually.