New York School
A loose association of vanguard artists working in New York City during the 1940s and ’50s. At the center of the New York School were artists like Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, and Mark Rothko, who were associated with Abstract Expressionism and helped establish a uniquely American avant-garde and propel New York City to eclipse Paris as the center of the art world. These artists created stylistically diverse, often monumental paintings that introduced bold innovations in form and content and reflected a desire to embrace spontaneity and individual expression. The New York School also encompasses the poets, filmmakers, composers, and photographers such as Aaron Siskind who formed close relationships, collaborated, and shared inspiration with New York School painters.