Cover image: Gustave Klimt, Adele Bloch-Bauer’s Portrait, 1907. Image via Wikimedia Commons.
Portraits via Wikimedia Commons.
Timeline: Photo of Style Metro by Ganymedes Costagravas, via Flickr; Beardsley and Steinlen images via Wikimedia Commons.
“Art History 101” is Artsy’s ever-evolving guide to the artists and movements that have shaped our world. Far from a static discipline that can be confined to textbooks, art history is a living thing that requires constant reappraisal to reflect society’s changing attitudes and norms. These articles offer primers on some of art history’s most pioneering artistic experiments, from Claude Monet’s impressionistic studies in light to Kasimir Malevich’s radical Black Square to Jackson Pollock’s mid-century Action paintings. Although the start and end periods for modern movements in art history can be difficult to pinpoint exactly, they are presented here in a loose chronological order oriented to the height of each one’s popularity and influence.