Takeshia Kosugi, Anima I & Ben Vautier, Attaché de Ben & George Maciunas, Solo for Violin. Simultaneous performance, May 23rd 1964, by Ben Vautier and Alison Knowles (not pictured) during “Fluxus Street Theatre” as part of “Fluxus Festival at Fauxhall” New York City. Photography by George Maciunas; Philip Corner’s Piano Activities, performed during Fluxus Internationale Festpiele Neuester Musik, Hörsaal des Städtischen Museums, Wiesbaden, Germany, September 1-23, 1962. Photo: Peter Butler. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. © 2017 Philip Corner. Images courtesy of the Museum of Modern Art.Unlinked images via Wikimedia Commons.
“Art History 101” is Artsy’s ever-evolving guide to the artists and movements that have shaped our world. Far from a static discipline that can be confined to textbooks, art history is a living thing that requires constant reappraisal to reflect society’s changing attitudes and norms. These articles offer primers on some of art history’s most pioneering artistic experiments, from Claude Monet’s impressionistic studies in light to Kasimir Malevich’s radical Black Square to Jackson Pollock’s mid-century Action paintings. Although the start and end periods for modern movements in art history can be difficult to pinpoint exactly, they are presented here in a loose chronological order oriented to the height of each one’s popularity and influence.