For its first participation at FIAC, Bergamin & Gomide gallery brings historical pieces from Latin America’s Abstract vanguards. From October 18th to 21st at the Grand Palais.
Grupo Frente was the vanguard for Abstract Geometry in Brazil. Founded by Ivan Serpa, the members were Lygia Clark, Hélio Oiticica, Aluísio Carvão, Lygia Pape, among others. Their first exhibition was in 1954, in Rio de Janeiro, and a characteristic from the group is that each member worked the abstract and concrete paradigms in different supports and aesthetics. One thing, however, brought the artists together: the rejection for Modernist figurative paintings from the previous generation which more often than not, approached nationalist themes. The group could not be called Concrete artists per se because their works are not guided by intelligible mathematics laws rather guided by experimentation that leads to constructive poetics. Coincidentely, Denise René gallery made the statement of only representing such artists in 1954 after 8 years of introducing Abstract art to “shake up the traditional perspectives of figurative paintings”, in her own words. A champion for Latin American abstract geometry artists, she could foresee the importance of the movement: “[…] no one expresses better the artist’s overcoming a world threatened by decomposition. […] there’s no place for dark forces, to stalemate, morbidity. This art completely translates the creator’s total ability […] here are reassuring works: we can read in them the blinding domination of human reason, men’s triumph over chaos. Here lies art’s function – emotions can easily be found too.” By late 1950’s, the group disintegrated and the artists led their own artistical researches. Oiticica, Pape and Clark co-signed in 1959 the Neo-Concrete manifesto, to further investigate the public’s active participation in their works.
Bergamin & Gomide intends to bring a careful selection of historical works from the 1950’s through the 1980’s that follow Grupo Frente’s starting point: the artist’s dominance over a chaotic word through geometry presets.