Curated by Francesca Pola
In collaboration with the Walter and Nicole Leblanc Foundation
1 June – 21 July 2017
Opening: Thursday 1 June 2017, 6pm to 8.30pm
Cortesi Gallery, 41&43 Maddox Street, London W1S 2PD
The Belgian artist Walter Leblanc (1932-1986) was an outstanding figure in post-World
War II European art, whose importance is drawing international attention. This
exhibition at Cortesi Gallery, curated by Francesca Pola and realized in collaboration
with the Walter and Nicole Leblanc Foundation of Brussels, brings together pivotal
examples of his work from the 1950s to the 1970s, presenting the significant periods of
his creative activity.
Unquestioned is Leblanc’s place among the masters of what can be defined the
‘poetics of zeroing’ of the late 1950s, developed in the context of the ZERO movement
and network between Germany, Switzerland, Belgium and Italy. Considered one of the
pioneers of contemporary artistic practices, rather than defining his work as
geometric abstraction, his is a case of a sensorial geometry, constantly nourished by
an experimental curiosity about unorthodox materials (such as cotton threads, latex,
PVC, metal), as well as by a constructive tension and a focus on the dynamic power of
light. Twisted Strings, Mobilo-Static, Schematic Torsions, are some definitions he
coined for his works, whose complex essentiality anticipates optical and minimal
trends: their unifying element is the torsion of the material, to twist the space of our
Leblanc wanted to go beyond the traditional concept of the artwork understood as a
surface or an object to contemplate, in order to create a space of experience that
requires the active involvement of the viewer through perception and deciphering.
Many contemporary art trends have subsequently adopted this expressive reduction
as an opportunity to involve both the body and the mind of the viewer.
The purpose of this exhibition is to present the complexity and richness of Leblanc’s
work beyond the clichés that his art has been generally associated with, placing it into
a wider historical context that also links it to the present. From the start, Leblanc
wanted to go beyond the usual opposing notion of figuration and abstraction, whether
lyrical, surreal or constructivist, so as to concentrate all these sources in a new
relationship between image and reality, between materials and light. The significance
and quality of his creative achievements from a historical point of view is also a fertile
and vital source of present and future developments, as is confirmed by his enduring
relevance for new creative generations.
The exhibition will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue, published by
Mousse, which includes an essay by Francesca Pola, images of all of the works
exhibited, installation views of the exhibition, and a bio-bibliographical appendix.
Based on extensive archival and iconographic research, it offers a more complete
understanding and further international studies of Leblanc’s work.
The exhibition has been realized within the context of the distribution in the United
Kingdom by Yale University Press of Walter Leblanc. Edited by Francesca Pola with
contributions from Serge Lemoine, Robyn Farrell and Eva Wittocx, this monograph,
actively promoted by the Walter and Nicole Leblanc Foundation and published by
Mercatorfonds, is the first significant publication devoted to Leblanc’s entire oeuvre
and produced for an international audience.
Walter Leblanc (Antwerp 1932 – Silly 1986) is one of Belgium’s key international art
figures of the second half of the twentieth century. In 1958, he became a founding
member of the neo-avant-garde artist group G58 in Antwerp, which brought together
young artists representing a variety of trends. For Leblanc, 1959 marks the affirmation
of his use of ‘torsion’ as the principal pictorial element in his work. In 1960, he
produced, with the help of his brother, a definitive version of his ‘twisting machine’,
which enabled the production of very precise ‘torsions’. He actively participated in the
movements ZERO and Nouvelle Tendance, and took part in the following major
international exhibitions: The Responsive Eye (1965), Weiss auf Weiss (1966) and
Serielle Formationen (1967). ln 1967, he was a prize-winner at the Ve Biennale de Paris,
and in 1969, he won the Prix Eugène Baie de Peinture. In 1970, Leblanc was named one
of the Belgian representatives of the 35th Venice Biennale, and in 1974 he became
Chevalier de l’Ordre de Léopold II.