The Academy of Arts in Kinshasa was established only in 1943. In 1996, the new director Daniel Shongo gives for the first time a lot of freedom to the artists, allowing other forms of artistic expression and creating exchanges with other international academies. The artists are very committed and transform the Academy into a field for experimentation. Houston Maludi, Pathy Tschindele, Kura Shomali and Steve Bandoma are amongst the first “rebels” that benefit from such freedom and dare unprecedented artworks. Yet each of them follows his own research, gathering around “elective affinity”.